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Wilderness Survival Essentials

minimalist survival

Wilderness is a special place that is untrammeled by man. You can take a few days off from the bustle, stress and distractions of everyday life to enjoy wilderness.

It is important to learn how to navigate safely in the wild if you are going to spend a lot of time there. Here are some tips to help you do just that.

Map and Compass

For wilderness navigation, a map and/or a compass is essential. They can help you to stay on the right track when hiking, climbing, backpacking or mountaineering.

First, ensure that your map is aligned with your location. This will give you more accurate readings of the map and accounts for magnetic desclination.

Next, choose three landmarks that you can actually see. Place each on the map, pointing your direction-of-travel arrow towards each.

how to use your watch to find north

Once you have found the landmarks, you will be able to triangulate your position using them. This advanced skill can improve your accuracy in reading the compass.


Shelter in the wilderness can prove to be a lifesaver in extreme weather conditions. If you don't have protection from the elements, hypothermia is a very common condition in extreme winter temperatures.

Luckily, there are a variety of easy-to-build survival shelters that can keep you dry and warm in most winter wilds. You can store food, water, and emergency gear at a safe location, which reduces the possibility of them getting eaten or being damaged.

A tree-pit shelter for snow is the easiest to construct, especially if you're in an area of dense snow and thick evergreens. Grab a tree, dig into the snow to your desired depth and width, covering the interior floor with pine boughs.


Water is one of the most vital survival needs of the human body. It is vital for our survival. Water is essential for three days.

It can be difficult to find water in the wild. There are many risks you should be aware of. Water can contain harmful contaminants that can make you sick, or even cause death in situations where there is no doctor nearby.

camping fire starter

The best place to find water in an underground or mountain stream is ideal. These are the safest places to drink and are less likely to be contaminated with harmful bacteria, microorganisms or other contaminants.


Survival depends on food. You don't know how to get water no matter how long it takes.

Wild foods include fruits, nuts, berries and herbs. It is important to be able to identify plants when outdoors, especially for those who are going on long camping trips and wilderness expeditions.

Dandelion is one common wild food you will find. Dandelion leaves and flowers can be eaten, as well as its nutrients. Other edibles in the wilderness include nettles, grasses and wild mushrooms.


What can you do when faced with a survival situation

There's not much time for you to think about what next. So you need to make sure you are prepared for anything. Make sure you know how to react when confronted with an unexpected problem.

It is important to be flexible and willing to learn if you find yourself in an unfamiliar situation.

In a survival situation, you'll probably face problems like:

  • Finding yourself in remote places
  • Getting lost
  • Limited food supply
  • Water running low
  • Facing hostile people
  • Facing wild animals
  • Finding shelter
  • Combating predators
  • Setting fire to
  • Using tools
  • Building shelters
  • Hunting
  • * Fishing

Why are knot-tying skills important for survival

Knots are used by people all over the world to tie together items such as ropes, fishing lines, ladders, etc. They are also used for other purposes, such as tying bags shut or securing items to trees. The ability to make knots is an essential skill that can save lives when you need to tie yourself to a tree or rope or use them to secure your shelter.

Which tip is the most important for survival?

To survive, it is important to remain calm. If you panic, you can make mistakes and even die.

What should be your first instinct in a survival situation

When faced with emergency situations, the first thing to do is assess the situation. You must know what's happening, where you are, how you got there.

You should also know what to expect from your surroundings. For example, if you're in the middle of nowhere, you may not be able to use any form of communication.

If you don’t know anything, it is a good idea to learn as much as you possibly can.

If you are in immediate danger, it's best to try and get help immediately. You can take your time and gather information if you feel safe.

Why are survival skills essential?

Basic survival skills include how to make shelter, fire, shelter, hunt, fish, and protect yourself. These skills are critical no matter where one lives, but they are especially important when travelling alone or in remote regions.

You can also learn survival skills such as self-defense techniques, navigation, communication and wilderness medicine. They are invaluable life-saving tools that should be mastered before venturing into the unknown.

Other than these essential skills, you can also learn valuable skills while away from home. For instance, if your plans include hiking through the mountains, then you will need to know some mountaineering methods. If you want camping in the desert, you will need to know how to survive in extreme temperature. There are many options to prepare for any scenario, so don’t hesitate to explore new possibilities and learn new skills.

How to Navigate Without or With a Compass

While a compass won't show you where you are, it will help you locate your way home if you lose track of your direction.

You can navigate using three different methods:

  1. By landmarks
  2. By magnetic North (using an compass).
  3. By stars

These are objects you recognize immediately when you come across them. These can be trees, buildings, rivers, and so on. Landmarks provide visual clues to where you live.

Magnetic North simply means the direction where the Earth’s magnetic field points. If you look at the sky, the sun appears like it's moving across the sky. The earth's magnetic field actually causes sun to move around. While it may appear that the sun moves across the sky, in fact, the sun actually moves around its horizon. The sun is directly overhead at noon. At midnight, the sun is directly below you. The magnetic field of the earth is constantly changing. This means that the exact direction and orientation of the North pole magnetically changes each day. This can mean that you could be off track for a few days.

Another method of navigating is using stars. Stars appear to rise and set over the horizon. These are fixed points in time that you can use for determining your location relative others.


  • Without one, your head and neck can radiate up to 40 percent of your body heat. (dec.ny.gov)
  • We know you're not always going to be 100% prepared for the situations that befall you, but you can still try and do your best to mitigate the worst circumstances by preparing for a number of contingencies. (hiconsumption.com)
  • The downside to this type of shelter is that it does not generally offer 360 degrees of protection and unless you are diligent in your build or have some kind of tarp or trash bags, it will likely not be very resistant to water. (hiconsumption.com)
  • so you can be 100 percent hands-free, and there's less chance you'll put your torch down and lose it. (nymag.com)

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How To

How to build shelters from natural materials for emergencies

Shelter building is a crucial skill in emergency situations. There are two types, temporary shelter (tent), and permanent shelter (house). Both require basic tools such as nails, hammers, saws, axes, shovels, and picks; however, they differ in the type of material used. Temporary shelters are made from sticks, leaves, and grasses. Permanent shelters use metal, concrete bricks, stone, and other materials. The situation, climate, available resources and the best option will all determine which one is best.

Natural materials such bamboo, reeds palm fronds bark, bark, grasses branches, twigs and vines are all available. These materials have been used to create temporary shelters for hundreds of years. They are light and simple to make, but not durable. They are resistant to extreme weather and insects. Permanent structures have superior insulation properties, last longer, and are stronger. However, they require more effort to build.

Shelters should not only be functional, but also be attractive, safe, affordable, efficient, and sustainable. Bamboo is strong and lightweight, but it takes skilled labor and is costly. The reeds can be very inexpensive but they are not strong enough to withstand heavy winds. Palm fronds have a strong, but fragile structure. Bark provides good insulation and fire resistance but is difficult to work with. Grasses are inexpensive but do not keep out rainwater. Vines are lightweight and flexible but may break if too tightly tied together. The branches are strong and can rot but are durable. Stone is expensive and hard, but it is durable and can withstand water damage. Concrete is durable but difficult to transport and install. Bricks are strong, but require a lot space and are heavy. Wood is long-lasting but requires maintenance. Metal requires power tools and is expensive.

The location of the construction site and the availability of local tools, regulations and climatic conditions will all influence the choice of material. For example, bamboo is popular in tropical countries where it grows naturally. Bamboo is easy to grow, low in cost, and doesn't require any special tools. It is not strong enough to withstand wind and can become weak when wet. Although the grass is durable and strong, it requires a lot more manpower to grow. Palms are tough and resilient but get dirty quickly. The bark can be cut easily and is lightweight so it is affordable. It keeps out dust and moisture but is brittle and easily damaged. Stones are strong, durable, and can withstand adverse weather conditions. Concrete is versatile and durable, but it is also heavy and requires power tools. Metal is strong, but requires lots of power tools. Wood is long-lasting and inexpensive. Steel lasts longer, but is more expensive.


Wilderness Survival Essentials